The rauschpfeifein A is a reed instrument in the form of a conical pipe with playing apertures and a double-reed. The iconographic sources show the presence of the German rauschpfeifes in Belarus since the 17th c. Stary Olsa uses the rauschpfeife by German master Jens Güntzel.
The shawm with a single-reed
is a wooden reed instrument in the form of a pipe with playing holes with the reed enclosed in a spherical windcap. It had regional and occasional distinctions in its design. It was known in Belarus (having various names, e.g. sapiolka
, etc.) in the 12th–17th c. Stary Olsa
uses three shawms in G and two shawms in D by Belarusian master Todar Kashkurevich.
The pommer in D is a double-reed woodwind instrument with a double reed. It was popular in Europe at the end of XIII century - early XVII century. This instrument is made from a single piece of wood, a cylinder with a conical expansion-bell, has 7-10 holes and one to change the register (usually with the left hand thumb).
Stary Olsa uses the pommer by Belarusian master Aleksandr Surba.
A fragment of an engraving, the portrait Mars and Victory Favours Us, early 17th c. A miniature fragment of the Radzivills’ Chronicle Demons play in Monk Isaiah’s Cell , 15th-16th c. A fragment of a miniature the Radzivills’ Chronicle Games and Dances of Northern Peoples, 15th-16th c. A fragment of the fresco Christ In Praetorium of St. Trinity Chapel, 15th c., Lublin, Poland, painted by Belarusian masters under auspices of artist Andrej
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