The hurdy-gurdy (also known as a wheel fiddle) is a stringed bowed instrument that produces sound by rubbing a crank-turned wheel against the strings. It is known in Belarus since early 17th c. (Nobleman Samueĺ Maskievič’s diary, Navahradak, 1611), but indirect sources allow us to believe that it was known here already in the late 16th c. (Iryna Nazina, Belarusian National Musical Instruments: Stringed. Мinsk, 1982).
Stary Olsa uses the hurdy-gurdy by Belarusian master Siarhiej Chubryk.
A Belarusian hurdy-gurdy of the 16th c., reconstructed by Iryna Nazina
Belarusian hurdy-gurdy player, a drawing by Michael Elviro Andriolli, 1872
Early Instruments of Belarus documentary by Zmicier Sasnouski. Hurdy-gurdy 30:29.
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